A nutraceutical diet improves spontaneous feline chronic kidney disease.

A nutraceutical diet improves spontaneous feline chronic kidney disease.
  • In questa valutazione clinica 34 gatti castrati di proprietà, affetti da insufficienza renale cronica al II°-III° stadio diagnosticata secondo le linee guida della Società Internazionale di Studio Renale (IRIS) hanno ricevuto in modo casuale una dieta di controllo commerciale (n = 17) o la dieta RENAL ACTIVE di forza10 (n = 17) per 90 giorni.
  • Durante la valutazione non sono stati riportati effetti collaterali. Dopo 90 giorni la creatinina, l’azoto ureico, le proteine totali e l’AST sono risultati significativamente diminuiti nei gatti che avevano ricevuto la dieta RENAL ACTIVE. Gli stessi hanno avuto anche una diminuzione significativa per quel che riguarda la torbidità e il colore delle urine e le proteine totali.
  • In sintesi, la dieta RENAL ACTIVE è in grado di migliorare gli indicatori chiave di insufficienza renale nei gatti che sviluppano spontaneamente malattia renale cronica.

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease is characterized by structural and/or functional impairment of one or both kidneys persisting for more than 3 months. In cats, chronic kidney disease can frequently occur in animals aged over 9 years with an incidence of approximately 10%. Thirty‐four client‐owned, neutered cats, suffering from stage II‐III chronic kidney disease and diagnosed according to the International Renal Interest Society guidelines were randomly assigned to receive either a control diet (n = 17) or a nutraceutical diet (ND; n = 17) for 90 days. Both diets were commercialized for management of CKD symptoms. The diets were identical except that the ND contained tablets that consisted of 60–80% hydrolysed proteins, 20–40% minerals and active substances, that are, Lespedeza spp. 0.0588%, Vaccinium macrocarpom 0.0371%, and Taraxacum officinale0.0231%. No adverse effects were reported during this study. Both diets resulted in an improvement in CKD symptoms. After a 90‐day evaluation, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, total proteins, and aspartate aminotransferase significantly decreased in cats that received the ND. A significant decrease was also observed in urine turbidity score, color score, and total proteins in cats that received the ND. We have found that a ND based on Lespedeza spp., Vaccinium macrocarpon, and Taraxacum officinale improves key indicators of renal failure in cats affected by chronic kidney disease.

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